Our approach has been grounded in research since the start. Here are some of the studies underpinnning Biomechanical Taping™

Robinson N, Spratford W, Welvaert M, Gaida J, Fearon A, Does Dynamic Tape change the walking biomechanics of women with greater trochanteric pain syndrome? A double-blind randomised controlled crossover trial, Gait and Posture (2019), https://

Bittencourt N,Leite M,Zuin A,et al.Dynamic Taping and High Frontal Plane Knee Projection Angle in Female Volleyball Athletes. Br J Sports Med 2017;51:297-298

Pereira A, Ribeiro V, Silva R, Zuin A. O Uso da Dynamic Tape na instabilidade lateral do tornozelo em atletas de voleibol VIII Congresso Brasileiro, Revista Movimenta, 2017, 10(4):894-895

Sales, CR. (2013). Influência do Dynamic Tape na funcionalidade do quadríceps na dor não especifica do atleta de judô. Dissertação de Mestrado em Fisioterapia Desportiva apresentado à Universidade Fernando Pessoa, Porto.

Farias B B, Lumini J A, Os Efeitos da Aplicação de Dynamic Tape no Membro Inferior de Um Paciente com Sequelas de Acidente Vascular Encefálico – Estudo de Caso 2015 –

One-bin Lim, PhD, PT, So-yeon Park, PhD, PT. Comparison of the Effects of Barefoot, Kinesio Tape, and Dynamic Tape on Static and Dynamic Balance in Subjects With Asymptomatic Flexible Flat Foot. Phys. Ther. Korea 2020; 27(1): 78-86

Dogan FE, Atalay Guzel N. The acute effects of different ankle taping techniques on dynamic balance and lower extremity jumping performance in professional soccer players. Turk J Sports Med. 2021 Jan 27;

Alahmari KA, Rengaramanujam K, Reddy RS, Samuel PS, Tedla JS, Kakaraparthi VN, et al. (2020) The immediate and short-term effects of dynamic taping on pain, endurance, disability, mobility and kinesiophobia in individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain: A randomized controlled trial. PLoS ONE 15(9): e0239505.

Mateo Baena Marín, Alejandro Gómez Rodas, Diego A. Bonilla, Luis Enrique Isaza Velásquez, Anthony Baculima López, Hernán Mauricio García Cardona. Acute Effects of Dynamic Tape® Application on Vertical Jump Performance: A Case Report. Competitive Risaralda, Generating Research Alliance for Development. (pp. 209-310)Chapter: 3 Publisher: Editorial Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira

Badillo-Fuentes, Gustavo, Nava-Gamero Nayely Rocio y Suarez-Mariscal, Itati. Aplicación de Dynamic Tape como coadyuvante en la Displasia de Cadera. Revista de Fisioterapia y Tecnología Médica. 2019. 3-8: 18- 28

Bage, Dawn. The Effects of Dynamic Tape for medial longitudinal arch support on navicular height and plantar pressures during running activity. 2017. Undergraduate thesis. University of Chichester, UK. Unpublished

Kourtoglou, Eleni. The effect of Dynamic Taping on flexible flatfeet – A MSc in MSK Physiotherapy Research Project, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Department of Human Movement Sciences, September, 2019. Unpublished

Page, TH. The Effect of Chiropractic Manipulation Combined with Dynamic Taping of the Cervical Spine in the Treatment of Chronic Mechanical Neck Pain, MTech, University of Johannesburg, 2018. Retrieved from

Welch, L. The Effects of Dynamic Tape on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness within the Hamstring Complex. University of Chichester, 2018. Unpublished.

Santos, Maikon Gleibyson Rodrigues dos et al. Hyperelastic tape modifies the kinematics of the pronated foot in young women: self-controlled clinical trial. Fisioterapia em Movimento [online]. 2020, v. 33 [Accessed 31 May 2021] , e003347. Available from: <>. Epub 24 July 2020.ISSN 1980-5918.

Park SJ, Kim SY. The Effect of Scapular Dynamic Taping on Pain, Disability, Upper Body Posture and Range of Motion in the Postoperative Shoulder. J Korean Soc PhysMed, 2018; 13(4): 149-16

Evans L. An investigation into the effects of dynamic tape on time to stabilisation, foot length, foot width and navicular drop in athletes. BSc Sports Therapy Thesis. University of West England, 2018. Unpublished.

Alexander CM, Stynes S, Thomas A, Lewis J, Harrison PJ. Does tape facilitate or

inhibit the lower fibres of trapezius? Man Ther. 2003 Feb;8(1):37-41.

Firth BL, Dingley P, Davies ER, Lewis JS, Alexander CM. The effect of kinesiotape on function, pain, and motoneuronal excitability in healthy people and people with Achilles tendinopathy. Clin J Sport Med. 2010 Nov;20(6):416-21. doi: 10.1097/ JSM.0b013e3181f479b0.

Alexander CM, et al. What is the effect of taping along or across a muscle on motoneurone excitability? A study using Triceps Surae. Manual Therapy (2007), doi:10.1016/j.math.2006.08.003

Taylor RL, O’Brien L, Brown T. A scoping review of the use of elastic therapeutic tape for neck or upper extremity conditions. J Hand Ther. 2014 Jul-Sep;27(3): 235-46. doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2014.03.004. Epub 2014 Mar 28.

Parreira Pdo C, Costa Lda C, Hespanhol Junior LC, Lopes AD, Costa LO. Current evidence does not support the use of Kinesio Taping in clinical practice: a systematic review. J Physiother. 2014 Mar;60(1):31-9

Kalron A, Bar-Sela S. A systematic review of the effectiveness of Kinesio Taping–fact or fashion? Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2013 Oct;49(5):699-709.

Mostafavifar M, Wertz J, Borchers J. A systematic review of the effectiveness of kinesio taping for musculoskeletal injury. Phys Sportsmed. 2012 Nov;40(4):33-408.

Morris D, Jones D, Ryan H, Ryan CG. The clinical effects of Kinesio® Tex taping: A systematic review. Physiother Theory Pract. 2013 May;29(4):259-70

Williams S, Whatman C, Hume PA, Sheerin K. Kinesio taping in treatment and prevention of sports injuries: a meta-analysis of the evidence for its effectiveness. Sports Med. 2012 Feb 1;42(2):153-64

Shaheen AF, Bull AM, Alexander CM. Rigid and Elastic taping changes scapular kinematics and pain in subjects with shoulder impingement syndrome; an experimental study. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2014 Aug 4

Callaghan MJ, McKie S, Richardson P and Oldham JA. Effects of Patellar Taping on Brain Activity During Knee Joint Proprioception Tests Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. PHYS THER. 2012; 92:821-830.

Callaghan MJ, Selfe J, Bagley PJ and Oldham JA. The Effects of Patellar Taping on Knee Joint Proprioception. Journal of Athletic Training 2002;37(1):19–24

Trégouët P, Merland F, Horodyski MB. A comparison of the effects of ankle taping styles on biomechanics during ankle inversion. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2013 Mar; 56(2):113-22.

McConnell J. Management of patellofemoral problems. Man Ther 1996;1: 60-66.

Sung-Eun Lee, Sung-Hyoun Cho The effect of McConnell taping on vastus medialis and lateralis activity during squatting in adults with patellofemoral pain syndrome Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation 2013;9(2):326-330

Ji-yeon Yoon, PhD,a Young-in Hwang, PhD,b Duk-hyun An, PhD,c and Jae-seop Oh, PhD Changes in kinetic, kinematic, and temporal parameters of walking in people with limited ankle dorsiflexion: pre-post application of mobilisation with movement using the talus glide taping. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics Volume 37, Number 5 p320-325

Heather Mau, MS, ATC1 Russell T. Baker, DAT, ATC2 A modified Mobilization with Movement to treat a lateral ankle sprain. The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy | Volume 9, Number 4 | August 2014 p540-548

Kieran O’Sullivan, Norelee Kennedy, Emer O’Neill and Una Ni Mhainin The effect of low-dye taping on rearfoot motion and plantar pressure during the stance phase of gait BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008, 9:111

Maguire C, Sieben JM, Frank M, Romkes J. Hip abductor control in walking following stroke — the immediate effect of canes, taping and TheraTogs on gait. Clin Rehabil. 2010 Jan;24(1):37-45.

Franettovich M, Chapman AR, Blanch P, Vicenzino B. Augmented low-Dye tape alters foot mobility and neuromotor control of gait in individuals with and without exercise related leg pain. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 2010, 3:5

Mark W. Cornwall, Michael Lebec, Julie DeGeyter, Thomas G. McPoil, The reliability of the modified reverse 6 taping procedure with elastic tape to alter the height and width of the medial longitudinal arch. The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy | Volume 8, Number 4 | August 2013 p381-392

Cook JL and Purdham CR. Is Tendinopathy a continuum: A pathology model to explain the clinical presentation of load-induced tendinopathy. Br. J. Sports Med. 2009;43;409-416

Soslowsky LJ, Thomopoulos S, Esmail A, Flanagan CL, Iannotti JP, Williamson JD 3rd, Carpenter JE. Rotator cuff tendinosis in an animal model: role of extrinsic and overuse factors. Ann Biomed Eng. 2002 Sep;30(8):1057-63.

Sean Docking, Tom Samiric, Ebonie Scase, Craig Purdam and Jill Cook. Relationship between compressive loading and ECM changes in tendons MLTJ Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal CIC Edizioni Internazionali 2013 January-March; 3(1): 7–11 JL

Cook, C Purdam. Is Compressive Load a Factor in the Development of Tendinopathy? Br J Sports Med. 2012;46(3):163-168

Danielson P. Reviving the “biochemical” hypothesis for tendinopathy: new findings suggest the involvement of locally produced signal substances. Br J Sports Med 2009;43:265–8.

Legerlotz K, Jones ER, Screen HR. Increased expression of IL-6 family members in tendon pathology. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2012;51:1161–5.

Cook JL, Rio E, Purdam CR, Docking SI. Revisiting the continuum model of tendon pathology: what is its merit in clinical practice and research? Br J Sports Med 2016;50:1187– 1191.

Moseley, GL, Reconceptualising pain according to modern pain science. Physical Therapy Reviews, 2007 Sep; 12(3):169-178

Zusman M. Mechanisms of musculoskeletal physiotherapy. Phys Ther Rev 2004;9:39e49.

Renstrom P, Ljungqvist A, Arendt E et al. Non-contact ACL injuries in female athletes: an International Olympic Committee current concepts statement. Br J Sports Med. 2008 June ; 42(6): 394–412.

Khayambashi K, Ghoddosi N, Straub RK, Powers CM. Hip Muscle Strength Predicts Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Male and Female Athletes: A Prospective Study. Am J Sports Med. 2016 Feb;44(2):355-61.

Paterno MV, Schmitt LC, Ford KR et al. Biomechanical Measures During Landing and Postural Stability Predict Second Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Return to Sport. Am J Sports Med. 2010 October ; 38(10): 1968–1978.


MacKean LC1, Bell G, Burnham RS. Prophylactic ankle bracing vs. taping: effects on functional performance in female basketball players. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1995 Aug;22(2) 77-81.

O’Sullivan K, Kennedy N, O’Neill E and Mhainin UN. The effect of low dye taping on rearfoot motion and plantar pressure during the stance phase of gait BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008, 9:111

Dines JS, Frank JB, Akerman M, Yocum LA. Glenohumeral internal rotation deficits in baseball players with ulnar collateral ligament insufficiency. Am J Sports Med. 2009 Mar;37(3):566-70.

McConnell J(1), McIntosh B. The effect of tape on glenohumeral rotation range of motion in elite junior tennis players. Clin J Sport Med. 2009 Mar;19(2):90-4.

DiStefano LJ, Padua DA, Brown CN, Guskiewicz KM.Lower extremity kinematics and ground reaction forces after prophylactic lace-up ankle bracing. J Athl Train. 2008 May-Jun;43(3):234-41.

Bennell KL, Goldie PA. The differential effects of external ankle support on postural control. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1994 Dec;20(6):287-95


Abián-Vicén J, Alegre LM, Fernández-Rodríguez JM, Lara AJ, Meana M, Aguado X. Ankle Taping Does Not Impair Performance in Jump or Balance Tests. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. 2008;7(3):350-356.

Kenny IC, Wu C and McEvoy J. INFLUENCE OF ANKLE TAPING ON DYNAMIC BALANCE PERFORMANCE 2011 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference

De Ridder R, Willems TM, Vanrenterghem J, Roosen P. Effect of tape on dynamic postural stability in subjects with chronic ankle instability. Int J Sports Med. 2015 Apr;36(4):321-6.

Kase K, Wallis J, Kase T. Clinical Therapeutic Applications of the Kinesio Taping Method. Tokyo, Japan: Kení-kai Co., Ltd.; 2003.

Ator R, Gunn K, McPoil TG, Knecht HG. The Effect of Adhesive Strapping on Medial Longitudinal Arch Support before and after Exercise. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1991;14(1):18-23

Nolan D and Kennedy N. Effects of low-dye taping on plantar pressure pre and post exercise: an exploratory study BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009, 10:40

Abián-Vicén J1, Alegre LM, Fernández-Rodríguez JM, Aguado X. Prophylactic ankle taping: elastic versus inelastic taping. Foot Ankle Int. 2009 Mar;30(3):218-25.

Trégouët P, Merland F, Horodyski MB. A comparison of the effects of ankle taping styles on biomechanics during ankle inversion. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2013 Mar; 56(2):113-22.

de la Cruz Torres B, Albornoz Cabello M, Espejo Antúnez L. Immediate effect of Dynamic Tape® on external torsion tibial clinically painful in a football player. A case report Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte Volume 9, Issue 1, March 2016 , 50-53

Nakagawa TH, Serrão FV, Maciel CD, Powers CM. Hip and Knee Kinematics are Associated with Pain and Self-reported Functional Status in Males and Females with Patellofemoral Pain. Int J Sports Med. 2013 Jun 14. [Epub ahead of print]

Souza RB, Arya S, Pollard CD, Salem G, Kulig K.Patellar tendinopathy alters the distribution of lower extremity net joint moments during hopping.J Appl Biomech. 2010 Aug;26(3):249-55.

Willson JD, Binder-Macleod S, Davis IS. Lower extremity jumping mechanics of female athletes with and without patellofemoral pain before and after exertion. Am J Sports Med. 2008 Aug;36(8):1587-96.

Ryan M, Grau S, Krauss I, Maiwald C, Taunton J, Horstmann T. Kinematic analysis of runners with achilles mid-portion tendinopathy. Foot Ankle Int. 2009 Dec;30(12): 1190-5.

Rathleff MS, Kelly LA, Christensen FB, Simonsen OH, Kaalund S, Laessoe U. Dynamic midfoot kinematics in subjects with medial tibial stress syndrome. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2012 May-Jun;102(3):205-12.

Arya S, Kulig K. Tendinopathy alters mechanical and material properties of the Achilles tendon. J Appl Physiol. 2010 Mar;108(3):670-5.

Dongsuk Shin, Taija Finni, Sinyeob Ahn, John A. Hodgson, Hae-Dong Lee, V. Reggie Edgerton and Shantanu Sinha. Effect of chronic unloading and rehabilitation on human Achilles tendon properties: a velocity-encoded phase contrast MRI study. J Appl Physiol. 2008 October; 105(4): 1179-1186.

Souza RB, Arya S, Pollard CD, Salem G, Kulig K.Patellar tendinopathy alters the distribution of lower extremity net joint moments during hopping. J Appl Biomech. 2010 Aug;26(3):249-55.

Sorenson SC, Arya S, Souza RB, Pollard CD, Salem GJ, Kulig K. Knee extensor dynamics in the volleyball approach jump: the influence of patellar tendinopathy. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2010 Sep;40(9):568-76.

Wu CH, Chang KV, Mio S, Chen WS, Wang TG. Sonoelastography of the plantar fascia. Radiology. 2011 May;259(2):502-7.

Wearing SC, Smeathers JE, Sullivan PM, Yates B, Urry SR, Dubois P. Plantar fasciitis: are pain and fascial thickness associated with arch shape and loading? Phys Ther. 2007 Aug;87(8):1002-8.

Neville C, Flemister A, Tome J, Houck J. Comparison of changes in posterior tibialis muscle length between subjects with posterior tibial tendon dysfunction and healthy controls during walking. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2007 Nov;37(11): 661-9.

Neville C, Flemister AS, Houck JR. Deep posterior compartment strength and foot kinematics in subjects with stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. Foot Ankle Int. 2010 Apr;31(4):320-8.

Maganaris CN, Narici MV, Almekinders LC, Maffulli N. Biomechanics and pathophysiology of overuse tendon injuries: ideas on insertional tendinopathy. Sports Med. 2004;34(14):1005-17.

Kinugasa R, Hodgson JA, Edgerton VR, Shin DD, Sinha S. Reduction in tendon elasticity from unloading is unrelated to its hypertrophy. J Appl Physiol. 2010 Sep; 109(3):870-7.

Coombes BK, Tucker K, Vicenzino B, Vuvan V, Mellor R, Heales L, Nordez A, Hug F. Achilles and patellar tendinopathy display opposite changes in elastic properties: A shear wave elastography study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2017 Oct 3.

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Jung HS, Jeon HS, Oh DW, Kwon OY. Effect of the pelvic compression belt on the hip extensor activation patterns of sacroiliac joint pain patients during one-leg standing: a pilot study. Man Ther. 2013 Apr;18(2):143-8.

Arumugam A, Milosavljevic S, Woodley S, Sole G. Effects of external pelvic compression on form closure, force closure, and neuromotor control of the lumbopelvic spine–a systematic review. Man Ther. 2012 Aug;17(4):275-84

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Cholewicki J, Juluru K, Radebold A, Panjabi MM, McGill SM. Lumbar spine stability can be augmented with an abdominal belt and/or increased intraabdominal pressure. Eur Spine J. 1999;8(5):388-95

Berdia S, Short WH, Werner FW, Green JK, Panjabi M. The hysteresis effect in carpal kinematics. J Hand Surg Am. 2006 Apr;31(4):594-600.

McConnell J 2000 A novel approach to pain relief pre-therapeutic exercise. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 3: 325–334

Vicenzino B, Brooksbank J, Minto J, Offord S, Paungmali A. Initial effects of elbow taping on pain-free grip strength and pressure pain threshold. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2003 Jul;33(7):400-7.

Hug F, Ouellette A, Vicenzino B, Hodges PW, Tucker K. Apr 28. Deloading Tape Reduces Muscle Stress at Rest and during Contraction. Med Sci Sports Exerc.2014

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Costal, L. d. C. M., Maherl, C. G., McAuleyl, J. H., Hancockl, M. J. and Smeetsl, R. J.E.M. (2011), Self-efficacy is more important than fear of movement in mediating the relationship between pain and disability in chronic low back pain. European Journal of Pain, 15: 213–219.

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Rio E, Moseley L, Purdam C, Samiric T, Kidgell D, Pearce AJ, Jaberzadeh S, Cook J. The pain of tendinopathy: physiological or pathophysiological? Sports Med. 2014 Jan;44(1):9-23.

Plinsinga ML, Brink MS, Vicenzino B, van Wilgen CP. Evidence of Nervous System Sensitization in Commonly Presenting and Persistent Painful Tendinopathies: A Systematic Review. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Nov;45(11):864-75

Nefeli Tompra, Jaap H van Dieën, Michel W Coppieters Central pain processing is altered in people with Achilles tendinopathy. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2016, 50 (16): 1004-7

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